Image Source Stock
At least 1 out of 5 children visit their pediatrician or family doctor for a skin problem. The Pediatric Dermatology physicians at Dermatology Group Southern California are dedicated to assisting infants, children, and adolescents with these common skin problems. And we make great effort at doing so as compassionately and effectively as possible. In this practice, we diagnose and treat common childhood skin conditions such as acne, warts, molluscum, atopic dermatitis, pigmented lesions, vascular birthmarks, etc.
Babies and Young Children
Probably the most common concerns for babies and young children relate initially to a variety of skin rashes such as cradle cap on scalp, contact allergies on the face, eczema on the body and eruptions on the skin that are related to common childhood viral infections in the airways and ears. In addition, there are many questions that arise concerning birthmarks, such as hemangiomas, port wine stains, congenital moles and other congenital lesions. There are many conditions that present in the neonatal period which cause great parental concern.
Closer to school ages, children can continue to have inflammatory diseases which include atopic dermatitis, other eczemas and, to a lesser degree, psoriasis. Skin infections become more common, which include warts (human papillomavirus), molluscum contagiosum and bacterial infections such as impetigo.
DID YOU KNOW …
It takes 15 to 20 seconds of scrubbing hands with soap and warm water to remove germs. Teach kids to scrub their hands for the same amount of time it takes to sing the Happy Birthday song twice. (Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
In later childhood and adolescence, acne becomes incredibly common, with a 90 percent or higher prevalence during the teenage life. From childhood through adolescence, moles are an increasing concern. Other than those present at birth, known as congenital moles, acquired moles approach almost a 100 percent prevalence by adolescence. Not all moles are necessarily worrisome, but this does create a fairly large amount of dermatologic concerns in this population.
Evaluation and management of more unusual conditions, such as genetic skin disorders and birthmarks, is offered. Laser treatment for vascular birthmarks, including port wine stains and hemangiomas, is also available.
Video – Your Baby’s Skin
Bathing, Baby Acne, Cradle Cap, Infant Eczema, Non-event Birthmarks, Birthmarks, Sun Protection, Heat Rash/Prickly Heat
DID YOU KNOW …
Researchers found children who slept in the bottom bunk had a greater risk of developing asthma due to an increased numbers of dust mites, an allergen that can trigger asthma attacks, falling from the top bunk. The takeaway message: If your child has allergies or asthma, choose regular beds over bunks or make sure she or he gets tucked into the top bunk. On a related note, putting bedding through a hot-water wash (140 degrees F) has been shown to kill 100 percent of dust mites, while washing with water 35 degrees cooler only kills 65 percent. Source: MEDEM
Dr. Blumenstrauch has plenty of first hand experience with his own family. As Dad to 7 children, he understands a parent’s concern and a child’s anxieties. Part of good management of any acute or chronic skin condition begins with helping a child understand (when old enough) what’s going on, why it’s happening and how we’re going to make it better with the least amount of emotional stress.
“My own kids have taught me more about how to relate to children than any amount of schooling ever could. In fact, I can safely say they’ve been my best teachers about life in general.”
Dr.Blumenstrauch is seen in this picture with his patients.
Skin Conditions and Dermatologic Disorders / Pediatric Skin Issues
Babies can be born with rashes and birthmarks. Most fade without treatment, but some are permanent. These are the most common newborn rashes and birthmarks
Newborn Rashes and Birthmarks
Sturge-Weber syndrome is a neurological disorder indicated at birth by seizures accompanied by a large port-wine stain birthmark on the forehead and upper eyelid of one side of the face.
Sturge-Weber Syndrome / NIH
If despite your best efforts diaper rash does develop, try the following to clear up the rash:
Treating Diaper Rash / AAP
Atopic dermatitis is often referred to as “eczema,” which is a general term for the several types of inflammation of the skin. Atopic dermatitis is the most common of the many types of eczema.
Atopic Dermatitis / NIH
Cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the skin and, sometimes, of the tissues beneath the skin. The infection usually affects outer layers of the skin first, then spreads deeper into body tissues.
Cellulitis / AMA
Conjunctivitis, also known as “pinkeye,” is the most common eye condition in children. Although it usually poses no danger to vision, pinkeye can be uncomfortable and contagious.
Pink Eye and Children / AAP
Cradle Cap – Your beautiful 1-month-old baby has developed scaliness and redness on his scalp. You’re concerned and think maybe you shouldn’t shampoo as usual. You also notice some redness in the creases of his neck and armpits and behind his ears.
Cradle Cap / AAP
Eczema is a general term used to describe a number of different skin conditions. It usually appears as reddened skin that becomes moist and oozing, occasionally resulting in small, fluid-filled bumps.
Eczema and Dermatitis / AAP
Warts viruses are passed between people by close physical contact. Small cuts or abrasions or being in water for a long time as happens in swimming with someone who has warts, can make skin more susceptible to warts.
Frequently Asked Questions About Warts / AMA
Lice live in the hair, taking blood from the scalp for food. Their eggs (referred to as nits) attach to the hair shafts and are very difficult to remove, even with special combs. What are the signs of lice?
Head Lice / AAP
Head Lice Infestation (Pediculosis) / CDC
Head Lice: Children’s Health Update/September 2000 / Medem
Treating Head Lice Infestation / CDC
Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) is a disease that causes small blood vessels in the skin to leak because of inflammation. The primary symptom is a rash that looks like many small raised bruises on the legs. The rash is most often on the legs and buttocks, but it can appear on other parts of the body.
Henoch-Schönlein Purpura / NIH
Caused by an allergic reaction, Hives may appear all over the body or just in one region, such as the face. The location may change, with the hives disappearing in one area of the body and appearing in another, often in a matter of hours.
Hives and Poison Ivy / AAP
Impetigo is a contagious bacterial skin infection that often appears around the nose, mouth and ears. Most commonly, it is caused by either the streptococcus, which also is responsible for “strep” throat and scarlet fever, or the staphylococcus, or “staph,” bacteria.
Impetigo / AAP
Scabies is a skin infection caused by the tiny mite Sarcoptes scabiei. Scabies infections affects more than 300 million people world wide and can infect anyone regardless of age or personal hygiene.
Scabies / AMA
Tinea is a general term for a group of related skin infections caused by different species of fungi; or a fungal skin infection characterized by ring-shaped, red, scaly or blistery patches.
Fungal Skin Infection (Tinea) / AMA
JAMA Patient Page: MRSA Infections / JAMA/Archives
Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in Schools / CDC
Schistosomiasis / CDC
Smart Parents Health Source Newsletters